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关于深化收入分配制度改革的若干意见(全文)
发布时间:2021-01-20 22:09:09 浏览: 92次 来源:【jake推荐】 作者:-=Jake=-

推进收入分配改革,“抓紧日子”上个月,国务院批准并通过了《关于深化收入分配制度改革的若干意见》。在这两届会议期间,收入分配改革计划的具体实施也成为重点。从2004年国务院宣布开始制定收入分配改革计划到2013年正式实施该计划,历时9年,各种各样的利益游戏泛滥成灾。代表们呼吁“收入分配改革的顶层设计计划花了9年,而详细的措施又不能再使用9年。您不能再等待了!” (根据《中国青年报》)“年”反映了希望收入分配改革即将实施的希望。收入分配改革是一项系统性的调整,涉及广泛的领域,不可能不采取更为审慎的促进战略。例如,由于不同行业和职位的特点,难以衡量初次分配应追求的效率和公平性;二级分配的改善需要以财税体制改革的结果为基础;第三种分布是与社会组织密不可分的。发达和可靠的信誉水平。而且,不能在静态的理论框架内完成真正的枪炮改革,而只能在现有的固化结构中进行。这进一步加剧了收入分配改革的复杂性。近年来经常听到的相关游戏就是这种复杂性的外在表现。复杂性决定了收入分配改革的步伐不可能是激进的。但是,必须指出的是,即使受到许多客观因素的限制,收入分配改革也不会像过去那样被拖延。

一方面,是否可以推进收入分配改革决定了能否找到可靠的经济增长点。当外部环境仍然没有改善并且投资的边际效应正在减弱时,只有通过合理地调整收入分配,才能将巨大的市场潜力激发为消费活力。特别是在今天,当人口红利显示出下降的迹象时,收入分配改革的进展也决定了人口红利是否将得到充分利用和延续,或者是否会加剧下降速度。收入分配是人力资源的价格标准。只有朝着更加平衡的方向进行调整,它才能刺激总体消费能力并推动良性的经济循环。另一方面,合理的收入分配程度也是衡量不同群体社会权利分配公平性的重要指标。收入分配反映了期望背后权利的实现。如果失衡严重,将加剧人力资源失配。成千上万的士兵出任公务员,创新工作被遗漏了,这反映了收入分配不均造成的价值选择。这不仅影响了社会发展的活力,而且使未来不同人群的期望有所不同。从这个角度来看,加快收入分配改革也正在加速社会公平的建设和社会稳定。近年来,收入分配改革一直存在“阻力”。为了有效地克服“阻力”,表面上需要利益结构中具有较强博弈能力的人“让步”,但从更深的角度看,需要优化由“阻力”形成的环境。实际上,在环境水平上的优化已经在进行中。 “政府与企业分离,政府与资本分离,政府事务分离,以及政府与社会分离。”需要解决的是利益与行政之间的关系。

两者之间的相关性越小,收入分配改革将越快进行。只要有决心和采取行动深化改革以促进收入改革的实施,就不需要“ 9年”。关于深化收入分配制度改革的若干意见(全文)国家发展和改革委员会,财政部,人力资源和社会保障部执行中国共产党第十八次全国代表大会的要求中国提出“要实现全民共享的发展成果,必须深化收入分配制度改革”,促进实施“十二五”规划,完善收入分配结构和制度,增加城镇居民收入。缩小农村居民收入分配差距,规范收入分配顺序。以下是几点意见:一、充分认识到深化收入分配制度改革的重要性和重要性自改革开放艰苦奋斗以来,中国收入分配制度的改革已逐步推进。消除了传统计划经济体制下的均等分配方法。在坚持按劳分配为主体的基础上,允许和鼓励资本,技术,管理等要素按贡献分配。参与分配,不断加大对收入分配的调整。经过三十多年的探索和实践,基本建立了以工作为主体,多种分配方式并存的分配体制,以税收,社会保障和转移支付为主要内容的再分配调整框架。手段已经初步形成,有力地促进了社会主义市场经济体制的建立,极大地促进了国民经济的快速发展。城乡居民人均实际收入平均每十年增加一倍,家庭财产稳定增长,人民生活水平显着提高。实践证明,我国的收入分配制度基本符合基本国情和发展阶段。

特别是自中共十六大以来,根据科学发展观和构建社会主义和谐社会的要求,充分发挥了再分配调整功能,加大了保障和发展方面的投入。改善民生,完全取消农业税,大幅增加农业补贴,全面实施免费义务教育,加快建立社会保障体系,深化医疗卫生体制改革,大力加强保障性住房建设,大幅提高城乡最低生活保障标准和扶贫标准,企业退休人员基本养老金水平不断提高。农村居民收入增速快于城镇居民,城乡收入差距开始缩小,居民收入占国民收入的比重提高,收入分配改革取得新进展系统。同时,还应该指出,在收入分配领域仍然存在一些悬而未决的问题需要解决,这主要是因为城乡发展差距和居民收入分配差距仍然很大,收入分配秩序不规范,隐性收入和非法收入问题更加突出。人们的生活相对困难,需要优化宏观收入分配方式。这些问题的出现,不仅与我国的基本国情和发展阶段密切相关钱柜体育 ,具有一定的客观必然性和阶段性,而且直接关系到收入分配及相关领域的体制改革和政策执行不力。当前,我国已进入全面建设小康社会的决定性阶段。深化收入分配制度改革,优化收入分配结构,建立扩大消费需求的长效机制,迫切需要加快经济发展方式的转变。深化收入分配制度改革,有效解决部分地区分配不公问题,防止收入分配差距过大,规范收入分配顺序是维护社会公平正义,和谐稳定的根本措施。深化收入分配制度改革,处理好劳资关系,城乡,政府与市场的重要关系,促进相关领域改革的深入发展。完善社会主义市场经济体制的重要内容;深化收入分配制度改革,使发展成果越来越平等地受益于所有人,为逐步实现共同繁荣奠定物质和制度基础,是体现社会主义本质的必然要求。

我国长期以来仍将处于社会主义初级阶段。它是世界上人口最多的发展中国家。地区之间的发展条件差异很大。短期内,城乡二元结构难以根本改变。工业化,信息化和城市化以及农业现代化仍在深入发展。有必要充分认识到,当前收入分配领域的问题是发展中的矛盾和发展中的问题,必须通过促进发展和深化改革逐步解决。解决这些问题也是城乡居民收入普遍增加,生活水平不断提高的新要求和期望。同时,还应该指出,深化收入分配制度的改革是一项非常困难和复杂的系统工程,涉及利益调整的各个方面,不可能一overnight而就。它必须以我国的基本国情和发展阶段为基础,以目前的长远眼光为基础,并克服困难。 ,有序进展。二、准确把握总体要求和深化收入分配制度改革的主要目标1.总体要求。坚持以邓小平理论,“三个代表”重要思想和科学发展观为指导思想,在基本国情的基础上,全面贯彻党的十八大精神。以建设为中心,在发展中调整收入分配结构,努力营造开放公正的制度环境,坚持按劳分配和多种分配方式并存,坚持初次分配和再分配调整,继续完善劳动,资本,技术,管理等参与分配的要素的初始分配机制,加快完善以税收,社会保障和转移支付为主要手段的再分配调整机制,着力增加城乡居民收入居民pp电子 ,缩小收入分配差距,规范收入分配顺序,努力实现居民收入增长与经济发展同步,劳动报酬增长与劳动生产率同时增长,合理有序地增加收入逐步形成分配格局,促进经济持续健康发展,社会和谐稳定。

2.主要目标。城乡居民收入翻了一番。到2020年,城乡居民人均实际收入将比2010年翻一番,中低收入者的收入将更快增长,人民的生活水平将得到全面改善。收入分配差距正在逐步缩小。城乡,地区和居民收入差距大的问题得到有效缓解,扶贫对象大大减少,中等收入群体不断扩大,“橄榄形”分配结构不断扩大。逐渐形成。收入分配顺序明显改善。合法收入得到有效保护,超额收入得到合理调整,隐性收入得到有效监管,非法收入被坚决取缔。收入分配方式趋于合理。居民收入在国民收入分配中的比重和一次分配中劳动报酬的比重逐步提高,社会保障和就业等民生支出在财政支出中的比重显着增加。三、继续完善初级分配机制。完善劳动力,资本,技术,管理等要素按贡献参与分配的初级分配机制。实施就业优先战略和更加积极的就业政策,扩大就业规模和企业家精神,创造平等的就业环境,提高工人的收入能力,实现更高质量的就业。深化工资制度改革,完善企业,政府机关事业单位工资确定与增长机制。促进各种所有制经济体依法促进生产要素的平等使用,公平参与市场竞争,平等保护法律,形成市场决定生产要素价格的机制。3.促进公平的就业机会。

大力支持服务业,劳动密集型企业,小微企业和创新技术企业的发展,创造更多就业机会。完善减免税和公益性岗位,工作培训,社会保险和技能鉴定补贴等政策,促进青年,农村农民工,困难城镇居民和以大学毕业生为中心的退役军人就业。完善和实施鼓励独立创业的政策,例如小额担保贷款和金融利息折扣。参照促进公务员录用,完善和实施公共事业单位公开招聘制度,在国有企业中全面实行分类和分类公开招聘制度的方法,以实现信息公开,流程公开和信息公开。结果披露。4.提高工人的职业技能。完善全体职工的职业培训体系,全额提取和合理使用企业职工的教育培训资金,保证职工带薪培训时间最短。新增加的教育财政投入向职业教育倾斜,中等职业教育的免费体系逐步实施。建立和完善向农民工提供免费职业教育和技能培训的制度。完善社会化的职业技能培训,评估,鉴定和认证制度,规范职业技能鉴定收费标准。提高技术人员的经济效益和社会地位。5.促进合理增加中低收入雇员的工资。建立反映劳动力市场供求关系和企业经济效益的工资确定和正常增长机制。完善工资指导制度,建立统一规范的企业工资调查和信息发布系统。根据经济发展和物价变动等因素,适时调整最低工资标准。到2015年,大多数地区的最低工资标准将达到当地城镇雇员平均工资的40%以上。

研究并发布某些行业的最低工资标准。围绕非公有制企业,我们将积极稳妥地推进集体工资谈判和产业和区域工资集体谈判。到2015年,集体合同签订率将达到80%,逐步解决部分行业职工工资低的问题。贯彻执行新近修订的《劳动合同法》,研究并颁布《劳务派遣条例》等配套规定,严格规范劳务派遣和用人行为百家乐下载 ,依法保护派遣工人同工同酬的权利。6.加强国有企业高管人员的薪酬管理。对一些超高收入行业的国有及国有控股企业yabo2020 ,严格执行企业工资总额和工资水平的双重控制政策,逐步缩小行业工资收入差距。建立与企业领导者的分类管理和选拔方法相适应的企业高管差异化工资分配制度,综合考虑当前绩效和可持续发展,建立和完善基于企业管理绩效,风险和责任的薪酬制度。限制国有企业高级管理人员的工资水平,推进工资延期支付和追索权扣除制度。为了减少国有企业内部分配差距,高级管理人员的薪资增长应低于企业雇员平均薪资的增长。对于非国有金融企业和上市公司的高管薪酬,董事会,薪酬委员会和股东大会得到了加强,以通过改善公司治理结构来压制异常高的薪水。7.完善政府机构的工资制度。建立企业公务员及同等人员工资水平调查比较制度,完善科学合理的职务,职务并行制度,适当提高基层公务员工资水平;调整和优化工资结构,减少津贴和补贴比例,提高基本工资比例;加强硬性和偏远地区补贴标准,及时研究地区额外补贴的实施情况。

与分类制度相结合,促进事业单位改革,建立和完善符合事业单位特点,体现工作绩效,分类管理的工资分配制度。8.完善技术要素的参与机制。建立和完善以实际贡献为考核标准的科技创新型人才薪酬体系,鼓励企事业单位对迫切需要的高层次,高技能人才实行议定工资和项目工资。加强知识产权保护,完善有利于科技成果转移和转化的分配政策,探索建立各种分配方式,如科技成果参与,激励工作红利等。以确保分配中应有的技术成果。完善高层次,高技能人才的特殊津贴制度。允许和鼓励品牌,创造力等参与收入分配。9.通过多种渠道增加居民的财产收入。加快发展多层次资本市场,对上市公司实行分红制度,加强监管措施,保护投资者特别是中小投资者的合法权益。推进利率市场化改革,适当扩大存贷款利率浮动范围,保护存款人权益。严格规范银行收费。丰富债券产品和债券基金等基金产品。支持合格的公司实施员工持股计划。拓宽居民增加收入的渠道,例如租金,股息和奖金。 10.建立和完善国有资本收益分享机制。全面建立覆盖所有国有企业和分级管理的国有资本经营预算和收益共享制度收入分配制度改革意见,合理分配和使用国有资本收益,扩大国有资本收益的范围。适当提高中央企业国有资本收益的比重。在“十二五”期间,现有比例将提高约5个百分点,新增比例中的一定比例将用于社会保障和其他民生支出。

1 1.完善公共资源占用和利益分配机制。建立健全资源有偿使用制度和生态环境补偿机制。完善国有土地,海域,森林,矿产,水等公共资源转移的开放公平机制,加强对自然垄断产业的监管,防止免费或廉价拥有和使用通过不正当手段获得的公共资源。建立健全公众分享公共资源转移收益的机制,转移收益主要用于公共服务支出。四、以税收,社会保障和转移支付为主要手段,加快重新分配调整机制的完善。完善公共财政体系,完善转移支付制度,调整财政支出结构,大力促进基本公共服务均等化。加强税收监管,改革个人所得税,完善财产税,促进结构性减税,减轻中低收入者和中小企业的税收负担,形成有利于结构优化和社会公平的税收制度。完成覆盖城乡居民的社会保障体系建设,遵循全覆盖,基本保护,多层次,可持续发展的政策,着力提高公平性,适应流动性,确保可持续性,不断完善社会保险,社会救助和社会福利制度,稳步提高保障水平,实行全国统一的社会保障卡制度。 1 2.集中更多财政资源来保护和改善民生。增加教育,就业,社会保障,医疗卫生,经济适用房,扶贫开发等方面的支出,进一步增加对中西部地区特别是革命老区,民族地区,边疆地区和贫困地区的财政支持区域。

严格控制行政事业单位的设立。在“十二五”期间,中央和地方机构的总建制只会减少而不是增加,从而减少了领导职位的数量并降低了行政成本。坚决反对铺张浪费,严格控制“三功”预算,充分披露“三功”资金的使用情况。 “十二五”期间,社会保障和就业支出占财政支出的比重将提高约2%。 13.加大力度促进教育公平。合理分配教育资源,重点放在农村,偏远,贫困和民族地区。全面落实九年义务教育免费政策,严格规范教育收费行为。进一步完善对普通高中,普通本科,中等职业学校和高等职业学校经济困难家庭学生的资助政策,逐步提高补助标准。为经济困难儿童,孤儿和残疾儿童提供学前教育补贴。有效解决与同住的农民工子女平等接受义务教育和参加当地高中和高考的问题。 14.加强个人所得税的调整。加快建立全面,分类的个人所得税制度。完善高收入者个人所得税的征收,管理和处罚措施,将所有收入纳入征收范围,建立和完善个人收入双向申报制度和全国统一的纳税人识别号码制度,依法收取所有会费。取消税收优惠政策,例如免征外国个人从外商投资企业获得的股息和红利收入的个人所得税。 15.改革和改善房地产税等。完善房地产所有权和交易的税收制度,逐步扩大个人住房房地产税试点改革的范围亚博直播 ,完善住房交易的区别税政策,并加强住房交易的税收收集和管理。

扩大资源税征收范围,增加资源税负担水平。合理调整部分消费税的税项和税率,将一些高端娱乐消费和高端奢侈品消费纳入征收范围。研究在适当的时候征收遗产税的问题。 16.完善基本养老保险制度。全面实施省级城镇职工基本养老保险总体规划,在“十二五”期末实现全国基本养老保险总体规划。推进分类事业单位养老保险制度改革,研究和促进公务员养老保险制度改革。提高农民工养老保险参保率。完善城镇居民养老保险制度和新型农村社会养老保险制度。建立考虑所有类型人员的养老保障金确定机制和正常调整机制。制定企业年金和职业年金,发挥商业保险的补充作用。拓宽社会保障基金筹资渠道,建立社会保险基金投资运作体系。 17.加快完善全民医疗保险制度。提高城镇居民基本医疗保险和新型农村合作医疗的筹资水平和效益,整合城乡居民基本医疗保险制度。稳步推进职工医疗保险,城镇居民医疗保险和新型农村合作医疗的总体规划。到“十二五”末,基本医疗保险政策范围内的医疗保险基金支付水平达到75%以上,大大缩小了与实际住院费用报销比例的差距。建立城乡居民重大疾病保险制度,完善城乡医疗救助制度。全面实现总体规划区域和全省各地异地就医的即时解决。逐步增加人均基本公共卫生服务经费,提高基本公共卫生服务水平。 18.增加经济适用房的供应。

建立结合市场分配和政府保障的住房制度,加强经济适用房的建设和管理,满足有需要家庭的基本需求。在“十二五”期末,全国城镇的经济适用房覆盖率将达到20%左右,农村将按质量标准对1000万以上的农村破旧房屋进行翻新,全国范围内的游牧定居目标将会实现。 19.加强对贫困群体的援助和协助。完善将城乡低收入群体基本生活水平与物价上涨联系起来的联动机制收入分配制度改革意见,逐步提高城乡居民最低生活水平。提高特殊护理人员的退休金和补贴标准。建立和完善对经济困难老人,独居老人和残疾人的补助制度。 Improve the basic living security system for orphans, promote centralized support for orphans, and establish a life assistance system for children in other difficulties. Establish a living allowance system for the disabled and the nursing allowance system for the severely disabled. 20.Vigorously develop social philanthropy. Actively cultivate charitable organizations, simplify the approval procedures for charitable organizations, and encourage qualified enterprises, individuals and social organizations to organize hospitals, schools, and elderly care services. Implement and improve the preferential taxation policies for charitable donations, and allow companies to carry over 12% of their total annual profits for deductions in the future. Strengthen the supervision and management of charitable organizations.五、Establish and improve a long-term mechanism to promote faster growth of farmers’ income. Adhere to the policy of industry nurturing agriculture, cities supporting rural areas, and giving more and less taking and letting go, speed up the improvement of the urban-rural development integration system and mechanism, and intensify the policy of strengthening farmers and benefiting farmers , Promote the simultaneous development of industrialization, informatization, urbanization and agricultural modernization, promote the balanced allocation of public resources between urban and rural areas, and equal exchange and free flow of production factors between urban and rural areas, promote the integration of urban and rural planning, infrastructure, and public services, and establish Improve the citizenization mechanism of the agricultural transfer population, and coordinate the promotion of the household registration system reform and the equalization of basic public services.

21. Increasing the operating income of farmers’ families. Improve the agricultural product price protection system, steadily increase the minimum purchase price of key grain varieties, and improve the temporary purchase and storage policy for bulk agricultural products. Focus on promoting agricultural industrialization, vigorously develop farmers' professional cooperation and share-holding cooperation, cultivate new business entities, support moderate-scale operations, increase investment in rural socialized service systems, promote production and marketing docking and agricultural super docking, so that farmers can reasonably share agricultural products processing , Circulation value-added income. Cultivate and develop characteristic and efficient agriculture and rural tourism according to local conditions, so that farmers can obtain more benefits in the expansion of agricultural functions. 22. Improve the agricultural subsidy system. Establish and improve the mechanism of stable growth of agricultural subsidies, improve the policies of fine seed subsidies, comprehensive subsidies for agricultural materials, and direct grain subsidies, increase the scale of agricultural machinery purchase subsidies, improve the dynamic adjustment mechanism for comprehensive agricultural subsidies, and increase agricultural subsidies to favor grain farmers and large grain farmers. Improve forestry, animal husbandry and fishery support policies. Gradually expand the scope of agricultural insurance premium subsidies, appropriately increase the proportion of premium subsidies, and further refine and steadily expand rural financial incentives and subsidies. 23.Share the land value-added income reasonably. We will do a good job in confirming, registering, and issuing certificates for rural land, and protect farmers' land property rights in accordance with the law. In accordance with the principle of voluntary compensation in accordance with the law, farmers are allowed to transfer their land contractual management rights in various forms to ensure that farmers share the transfer income. Improve the rural homestead system and protect the usufructuary rights of farmers' homesteads. Reform the land requisition system, protect the legitimate rights and interests of farmers in accordance with the law, and increase the distribution ratio of farmers in the land value-added income. 24.Increase investment in poverty alleviation and development.

Significantly increase the financial special poverty alleviation funds, and the new part is mainly used to support the poverty alleviation of concentrated contiguous areas with special difficulties, increase the work-for-relief, and strive to achieve an increase in the per capita income of farmers in poverty-stricken areas higher than the national average. During the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” period, 2.4 million rural poor people in poor living conditions were relocated. According to the poverty alleviation standard of 2,300 yuan per capita (constant price in 2010), poverty alleviation targets will be reduced by about 80 million by 2015. 25.Orderly promote the urbanization of the agricultural transfer population. Formulate various open and transparent policies for the settlement of urban agricultural migrants, explore the establishment of a cost-sharing mechanism for urbanization with the participation of the government, enterprises, and individuals, and transfer agricultural migrants who have stable labor relations, live in cities and towns for a certain number of years and participate in social insurance as required Gradually transform into urban residents, focusing on solving the problems of family migration and the settlement of new generation migrant workers. Implement a unified national residence permit system, and strive to achieve full coverage of the permanent population of urban basic public services.六、Promote the formation of an open, transparent, fair and reasonable income distribution order. Vigorously rectify and standardize the income distribution order, strengthen system construction, improve laws and regulations, strengthen law enforcement and supervision, increase anti-corruption efforts, strengthen information disclosure, implement social supervision, and strengthen basic work , Improve technical support, protect legal income, regulate hidden income, and ban illegal income. 26.Accelerate legislation in the fields of income distribution. Research and promulgate laws and regulations on social assistance, charity, poverty alleviation and development, corporate wage payment guarantee, collective negotiation, state-owned capital operating budget, fiscal transfer payment management, etc., and timely revise and improve land management, mineral resource management, tax collection and management, real estate tax, etc. Laws and regulations.

Establish and improve the property registration system, improve the property legal protection system, and protect citizens' legal property rights. 27.Protect the legitimate rights and interests of workers. Improve the wage payment guarantee mechanism, include areas with outstanding wage arrears and industries that are prone to arrears into key monitoring areas, and improve differentiated wage deposit payment methods linked to corporate credit ratings. Implement the responsibility system of the project general contracting enterprise for repaying arrears of wages, the system of administrative and judicial linkage to combat malicious arrears of wages, and the system of ensuring that the local government responsible for the payment of wages. Improve the labor dispute handling mechanism and increase labor security supervision and law enforcement. 28.Clean up and regulate non-wage income. Strictly regulate the various subsidies and bonuses of the party and government agencies, and promptly introduce the implementation of standardized reform subsidies. Strengthen the management of income generation of public institutions, standardize the management and use of funds for scientific research projects and R&D projects, and strictly enforce regulations on the approval and accounting of official entertainment expenses. Strictly control the job consumption of senior executives in state-owned and state-owned holding enterprises, regulate job consumption items and standards such as vehicle equipment and use, business entertainment, inspection training, etc. Job consumption is subject to democratic supervision by employees, and relevant accounts must be open and transparent. 29.Strengthen the income management of leading cadres. Fully implement the "Regulations on Leading Cadres Reporting Personal Related Matters", strictly implement the provisions for leading cadres at all levels to truthfully report income, real estate, investment, spouses and children's employment, etc., and conduct random inspections and verifications for concealed reports, false reports, and fraud , Correct in time and deal with it seriously. Continue to regulate the personal practices of leading cadres after resignation, resignation, or retirement (retirement), and handle part-time appointment approval matters in strict accordance with relevant procedures, conditions and requirements.

30.Strictly regulate non-tax income. In accordance with the principle of correct taxes and clearing fees, continue to promote the reform of fees and taxes, further clean up and rectify various administrative fees and government funds, resolutely abolish illegal and unreasonable fees and fund items, and appropriately lower the fee standards for fee items. Establish and improve government non-tax revenue collection and management systems. 31. Combat and ban illegal income. Focus on key areas such as state-owned enterprise restructuring, land transfer, mineral development, and engineering construction, strengthen supervision and management, and plug loopholes in obtaining illegal income. Severely crack down on economic crimes such as smuggling and trafficking, tax evasion, insider trading, stock market manipulation, counterfeiting and sale of fake products, and fraudulent loans and foreign exchange. Strictly investigate and deal with power and money transactions, and bribery. In-depth control of commercial bribery. Strengthen anti-money laundering work and capital flight monitoring. 32. Improve the modern payment and income monitoring system. We will vigorously promote the wage, monetization, and electronicization of salary payments, accelerate the construction of a modern payment and settlement system, implement the real-name system for financial accounts, promote card consumption, and standardize cash management. Improve the invoice management and financial reimbursement systems for government agencies and state-owned enterprises and institutions, and fully implement the official card payment and settlement system. Integrate information resources of relevant departments such as public security, civil affairs, social security, housing, banking, taxation, industry and commerce, establish and improve the social credit system and income information monitoring system, and improve the personal income tax information management system. Establish an integrated system of household income and expenditure surveys in urban and rural areas.七、Strengthen organizational leadership to deepen the reform of the income distribution system 33. Unify understanding and strengthen leadership. All regions and departments must thoroughly study and fully implement the spirit of the Eighteenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China, fully understand the significance of deepening the reform of the income distribution system, put it on the important agenda, establish an overall coordination mechanism, and implement income distribution policies and increase The income of urban and rural residents, narrowing the income distribution gap, and regulating the order of income distribution are important tasks and are included in the daily assessment.

All relevant departments must conduct in-depth investigations and studies, strengthen work guidance, strengthen supervision and inspection, earnestly sum up experience, and promptly resolve outstanding contradictions and problems arising in the reform. 34.Highlight key points and strengthen implementation. The reform of the income distribution system should be organically integrated and coordinated with reforms in key areas such as state-owned enterprises, the administrative system, and the fiscal, taxation and financial system. All relevant departments should focus on key tasks, clarify work responsibilities, promptly study and issue supporting plans and implementation rules, and timely track and evaluate the effects of policy implementation. All regions must take into account local conditions and formulate specific measures to ensure that the various tasks of the reform are implemented. Encourage some regions and some fields to try first and actively explore. 35.In-depth publicity and focus on guidance. Adhere to the correct guidance of public opinion, guide the whole society to start from the basic national conditions and development stages, correctly understand the current income distribution problems, and in-depth propaganda. Scientific development is the fundamental way to solve the income distribution problems. We are unswerving to realize social fairness and justice. aims. Effectively interpret the various reform policies, deepen the understanding of the arduousness and complexity of the income distribution system reform, guide social expectations, respond to the concerns of the masses, gather consensus from all parties, form a joint force for reform, and create a good for deepening the reform of the income distribution system Social environment.

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