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国务院批准并转发发改委等部门关于深化收入分配制度改革的若干意见的通知
发布时间:2021-01-22 17:09:33 浏览: 155次 来源:【jake推荐】 作者:-=Jake=-

国务院批准并转发发改委等部门关于深化收入分配制度改革的若干意见的通知

国务院批准并转发发改委等部门关于深化收入分配制度改革的若干意见的通知

国务院

国务院批准并转发发改委等部门关于深化收入分配制度改革的若干意见的通知

省,自治区,直辖市人民政府,国务院各部委和中央直属机构:

国务院同意发改委,财政部,人力资源和社会保障部的《关于深化收入分配制度改革的若干意见》,现转发给您,请仔细实施。

收入分配制度是经济社会发展的基本制度安排,是社会主义市场经济体制的重要基石。改革开放以来,我国的收入分配制度改革不断推进,基本建立了符合基本国情和发展阶段的收入分配制度。同时,在收入分配领域仍然存在一些悬而未决的问题需要解决。城乡发展与居民收入分配差距仍然很大,收入分配顺序不规范,隐性收入和违法收入问题更加突出,部分人的生活更加困难。当前德甲下注 ,我国已进入全面建设小康社会的决定性阶段。按照中共十八大的战略部署,千方百计增加居民收入,必须继续深化收入分配制度改革,优化收入分配结构,动员所有部门,促进发展。经济发展。转变方法,维护社会公平,正义,和谐与稳定,实现人民共享发展成果yabo2020 ,将为全面建设小康社会奠定坚实的基础。

我国长期以来仍将处于社会主义初级阶段。收入分配领域当前的问题是矛盾和发展中的问题,必须通过促进发展和深化改革逐步解决。解决这些问题也是城乡居民收入普遍增加,生活水平不断提高的新要求和期望。同时,我们也应该认识到拉菲游戏 ,深化收入分配制度的改革是一项艰巨而复杂的系统工程,不可能一overnight而就。它必须从我国的基本国情和发展阶段出发,立足当前,放眼长远,克服困难,有序推进。

要深化收入分配制度改革,必须坚持共同发展,共享成果。提倡努力致富,支持企业家精神和创新,并保护法律运营。在不断创造社会财富和增强综合国力的同时,也普遍改善了人民的财富。坚持注重效率和保持公平。初次分配和重新分配都必须考虑效率和公平性。初级分配必须注重效率,创造公平的竞争环境,并保持劳动收入的主导地位;重新分配必须更加重视公平,提高公共资源分配效率,缩小收入差距。遵守市场法规和政府法规。充分发挥市场机制在要素分配和价格形成中的根本作用,更好地发挥政府在调节收入分配,规范收入分配顺序,增加低收入者收入,过高调节方面的作用。收入。坚持积极主动并尽力而为。妥善处理好改革,发展与稳定的关系,着力解决群众报告的突出矛盾和问题,突出增量改革,推动存量调整。

各地区,各部门要深入学习,充分贯彻党的十八大精神,充分理解深化收入分配制度改革的重要性,将其列入重要议事日程,全面协调机制,落实收入分配政策,增加城乡居民收入,缩小收入分配差距,规范收入分配顺序,是重要任务。有关部门要抓紧重点工作,明确工作职责,及时研究发布配套计划和实施细则,及时跟踪评估政策实施效果。所有地区都必须考虑当地情况并制定具体措施,以确保执行各项改革任务。要坚持正确的舆论指导,引导社会期望,回应群众关注,凝聚各方共识,形成改革合力,为深化收入分配改革创造良好的社会环境。系统。

国务院

2013年2月3日

(此作品已公开发布)

关于深化收入分配制度改革的几点意见

发改委财政部人力资源和社会保障部

为了贯彻党的十八大的要求,“认识到发展成果是人民共享的,必须深化收入分配制度的改革”。进一步推进“十二五”规划,改善收入分配结构和制度,增加城乡居民收入,缩小收入分配差距,规范收入分配顺序,以下是意见:

一、充分理解深化收入分配制度改革的重要性和艰巨性

改革开放以来,我国收入分配制度的改革逐步推进。消除了传统计划经济体制下的均等分配方法。在坚持按劳分配为主体的基础上,允许和鼓励资金,技术,管理等因素参与分配,并不断加大对收入分配的调整。经过三十多年的探索和实践,基本建立了按工作分配为主体,多种分配方式并存的分配制度,并建立了以税收,社会保障和转移支付为主要内容的再分配调整框架。手段已经初步形成,有力促进了社会主义市场经济体制的建立,大大促进了国民经济的快速发展。城乡居民人均实际收入每十年平均增加一倍,家庭财产稳定增长,人民生活水平显着提高。实践证明,我国的收入分配制度基本符合基本国情和发展阶段。

特别是自中共十六大以来,根据科学发展观和构建社会主义和谐社会的要求,我们将充分发挥再分配调整功能,加大在维护和发展方面的投入。改善民生,彻底取消农业税,大幅增加农业补贴,全面实施免费义务教育,加快建立社会保障体系,深化医疗卫生体制改革,大力加强保障性住房建设,大幅提高城乡最低生活保障标准和扶贫标准,企业退休人员基本养老金水平不断提高。农村居民收入增速快于城镇居民,城乡收入差距开始缩小,居民收入占国民收入的比重提高,收入分配改革取得新进展系统。

同时,我们还必须看到,在收入分配领域仍然存在一些悬而未决的问题需要解决,这主要是因为城乡发展与居民收入分配之间的差距仍然很大,收入分配顺序不规范,比较了隐性收入和非法收入。突出的是,有些人的生活相对困难,需要优化宏观收入分配方式。这些问题的出现,不仅与我国的基本国情和发展阶段密切相关,具有一定的客观必然性和阶段性,而且直接关系到收入分配及相关领域的体制改革和政策执行不力。

目前,我国已进入全面建设小康社会的决定性阶段。深化收入分配制度改革,优化收入分配结构,建立扩大消费需求的长效机制,迫切需要加快经济发展方式的转变。深化收入分配制度改革,有效解决部分地区分配不公问题,防止收入分配差距过大,规范收入分配顺序是维护社会公平正义,和谐稳定的根本措施。深化收入分配制度改革,处理好劳资关系,城乡,政府与市场的重要关系,促进相关领域改革的深入发展。完善社会主义市场经济体制的重要内容;深化收入分配制度改革,使发展成果越来越平等地受益于所有人,为逐步实现共同繁荣奠定物质和制度基础,是体现社会主义本质的必然要求。

我国长期以来仍将处于社会主义初级阶段。它是世界上人口最多的发展中国家。地区之间的发展条件差异很大。短期内,城乡二元结构难以根本改变。工业化,信息化和城市化以及农业现代化仍在深入发展。有必要充分认识到,当前收入分配领域的问题是发展中的矛盾和发展中的问题,必须通过促进发展和深化改革逐步解决。解决这些问题也是城乡居民收入普遍增加,生活水平不断提高的新要求和期望。同时,还应该指出,深化收入分配制度的改革是一项非常困难和复杂的系统工程,涉及利益调整的各个方面,不可能一overnight而就。它必须以我国的基本国情和发展阶段为基础,以目前的长远眼光为基础,并克服困难。 ,进度有序。

二、准确把握深化收入分配制度改革的总体要求和主要目标

1.一般要求。

坚持以邓小平理论,“三个代表”重要思想和科学发展观为指导思想收入分配制度改革意见,在基本国情的基础上,全面贯彻党的十八大精神。以经济建设为中心,调整发展中的收入分配结构。努力创造开放,公平,公正的制度环境,坚持按劳分配并存,多种分配方式并存,坚持一次分配和再分配调整并重,继续完善劳动力的初始分配机制。 ,资本,技术,管理等要素按贡献参与分配,以税收,社会保障和转移支付为主要手段,加快完善再分配调整机制,着力增加城乡居民收入;缩小收入分配差距,规范收入分配顺序,力争实现居民收入增长与经济发展,劳动报酬同步增长,劳动生产率同时提高,逐步形成合理有序的收入分配格局;促进经济持续健康发展,社会和谐稳定。

2.主要目标。

-城乡居民收入翻了一番。到2020年,城乡居民实际人均收入将比2010年翻一番,中低收入者的收入将更快增长,人民的生活水平将得到全面改善。

-收入分配差距正在逐步缩小。城乡,地区和居民收入差距大的问题得到有效缓解,扶贫对象大大减少,中等收入群体不断扩大,“橄榄形”分配结构不断扩大。逐渐形成。

-收入分配顺序明显改善。有效保护合法收入,合理调整超额收入,有效监管隐性收入,坚决禁止非法收入。

-收入分配方式趋于合理。居民收入在国民收入分配中的比重和一次分配中劳动报酬的比重逐步提高,社会保障和就业等民生支出在财政支出中的比重显着提高。

三、继续完善初始分配机制

改善初始分配机制,使劳动力,资本,技术,管理等要素根据其贡献参与分配。实施就业优先战略和更加积极的就业政策,扩大就业规模和企业家精神,创造平等的就业环境,提高工人的收入能力,实现更高质量的就业。深化工资制度改革,完善企业,政府机关事业单位工资确定与增长机制。促进各种所有制经济体依法平等使用生产要素,公平参与市场竞争,平等保护法律,形成市场决定生产要素价格的机制。

3.促进公平就业机会。大力支持服务业,劳动密集型企业,中小企业,创新技术企业发展,创造更多就业机会。完善减免税,公益岗位,职业培训,社会保险,技能鉴定补贴等政策,促进以大学毕业生,农民工,困难城市居民和退伍军人为重点的年轻人的就业。完善和实施鼓励独立创业的政策,例如小额担保贷款和金融利息折扣。参照促进公务员录用,完善和执行事业单位公共录用制度,在国有企业中全面实行分类保密的公共录用制度,切实实现信息公开,过程公开和结果公开的方法。

4.提高工人的职业技能。完善全体职工的职业培训体系,全额提取和合理使用企业职工的教育培训资金,保证职工带薪培训时间最短。新增加的教育财政投入向职业教育倾斜,中等职业教育的免费体系逐步实施。建立和完善向农民工提供免费职业教育和技能培训的制度。完善社会化的职业技能培训,评估,鉴定和认证制度,规范职业技能鉴定收费标准。提高技术人员的经济效益和社会地位。

5.促进中低收入雇员的合理工资增长。建立反映劳动力市场供求关系和企业经济效益的工资确定和正常增长机制。完善工资指导制度,建立统一规范的企业工资调查和信息发布系统。根据经济发展和物价变动等因素,适时调整最低工资标准。到2015年,大多数地区的最低工资标准将达到当地城镇雇员平均工资的40%以上。研究和发布某些行业的最低工资标准。围绕非公有制企业,我们将积极稳妥地推进集体工资谈判和产业和区域工资集体谈判。到2015年,集体合同签订率将达到80%,逐步解决部分行业职工工资低的问题。贯彻执行新近修订的《劳动合同法》,研究并颁布《劳务派遣条例》等配套规定,严格规范劳务派遣和用人行为,依法保护派遣工人同工同酬的权利。

6.加强国有企业高管的薪酬管理。对一些超高收入行业的国有和国有控股企业,要严格执行企业工资总额和工资水平的双重控制政策,逐步缩小行业工资收入差距。建立与企业领导者的分类管理和选拔方法相适应的企业高管差异化工资分配制度,综合考虑当前绩效和可持续发展,建立和完善基于企业管理绩效,风险和责任的薪酬制度。限制国有企业高级管理人员的工资水平,推进工资延期支付和追索权扣除制度。为了减少国有企业内部分配差距,高级管理人员的薪资增长应低于企业雇员平均薪资的增长。对于非国有金融企业和上市公司的高管薪酬,董事会,薪酬委员会和股东大会得到了加强,以通过改善公司治理结构来压制异常高的工资。

7.完善政府机构的工资制度。建立企业公务员及同等人员工资水平调查比较制度,完善科学合理的职务,职务并行制度,适当提高基层公务员工资水平;调整和优化工资结构,减少津贴和补贴的比例,提高基本工资的比例;增加硬性和偏远地区补贴标准,及时研究地区额外补贴的实施情况。结合分类推进公共事业单位改革,建立和完善符合公共事业单位特点,反映工作绩效,分类管理的工资分配制度。

8.完善技术要素的分配机制。建立和完善以实际贡献为考核标准的科技创新型人才薪酬体系,鼓励企事业单位对迫切需要的高层次,高技能人才实行议定工资和项目工资。加强知识产权保护,完善有利于科技成果转移和转化的分配政策,探索建立多种分配方式,如科技成果参与和奖励工作红利,以确保分配中应有的技术成果。完善高层次凤凰体育 ,高技能人才的特殊津贴制度。允许和鼓励品牌,创造力等参与收入分配。

9.通过多种渠道增加居民的财产收入。加快发展多层次资本市场,对上市公司实行分红制度,加强监管措施,保护投资者特别是中小投资者的合法权益。推进利率市场化改革,适当扩大存贷款利率浮动范围,保护存款人权益。严格规范银行收费。丰富的基金产品,例如债券基金和货币基金。支持合格的公司实施员工持股计划。拓宽居民增加收入的渠道,例如租金,股息和奖金。

10.建立健全的国有资本收益分享机制。全面建立覆盖所有国有企业和分级管理的国有资本经营预算和收益共享制度,合理分配和使用国有资本收益,扩大国有资本收益的范围。适当提高中央企业国有资本收益的比重。在“十二五”期间,目前的比重将提高约5个百分点,新增部分中的一定比例将用于社会保障和其他民生支出。

1 1.完善公共资源占用和利益分配机制。建立健全资源有偿使用制度和生态环境补偿机制。完善国有土地,海域,森林,矿产,水等公共资源转移的开放公平机制,加强对自然垄断产业的监管,防止免费或廉价拥有和使用通过不正当手段获取的公共资源。建立健全公众分享公共资源转移收益的机制,转移收益主要用于公共服务支出。

四、加快并改善重新分配调整机制

以税收,社会保障和转移支付为主要手段,加快完善再分配调整机制。完善公共财政体系,完善转移支付制度,调整财政支出结构,大力促进基本公共服务均等化。加强税收监管,改革个人所得税,完善财产税,促进结构性减税,减轻低收入者和小微企业的税收负担,形成有利于结构优化和社会公平的税收制度。完成建立覆盖城乡居民的社会保障体系,遵循全覆盖,基本保护,多层次,可持续发展的政策,着力提高公平性,适应流动性,确保可持续性,不断完善社会保险,社会救助和社会福利制度,稳步提高保障水平,实行全国统一的社会保障卡制度。

1 2.集中更多的财政资源来保护和改善人们的生活。增加教育,就业,社会保障,医疗卫生,经济适用房,扶贫开发等方面的支出,进一步增加对中西部地区特别是革命老区,民族地区,边疆地区和贫困地区的财政支持地区。严格控制行政机构的设立。在“十二五”期间,中央和地方机构的总建制只会减少而不是增加,减少领导职位的数量并降低行政成本。坚决反对铺张浪费,严格控制“三功”预算,充分披露“三功”资金的使用情况。在“十二五”期间,社会保障和就业支出在财政支出中的比重将提高约2个百分点。

1 3.加大力度促进教育公平。合理分配教育资源,重点放在农村,偏远,贫困和民族地区。全面落实九年义务教育免费政策,严格规范教育收费行为。进一步完善对普通高中,普通本科,中等职业学校和高等职业学校经济困难家庭学生的资助政策,逐步提高补助标准。为经济困难儿童收入分配制度改革意见,孤儿和残疾儿童提供学前教育补贴。有效解决随行的农民工子女平等获得义务教育和参加当地高中,高考的问题。

1 4.加强个人所得税的调整。加快建立全面,分类的个人所得税制度。完善高收入者个人所得税的征收凤凰体育平台 ,管理和处罚措施,将所有收入纳入征收范围,建立和完善个人收入双向申报制度和全国统一的纳税人识别号码制度,依法收取所有会费。取消免征外国个人从外商投资企业获得的股息和红利收入等个人所得税的税收优惠。

1 5.改革和改善房地产税等。完善房地产所有权和交易的税收制度,逐步扩大个人住房房地产税试点改革的范围,完善住房交易的区别税政策,并加强对房屋交易的税收征管。扩大资源税征收范围,增加资源税负担水平。合理调整部分消费税的税项和税率,将一些高端娱乐消费和高端奢侈品消费纳入征收范围。研究适时征收遗产税的问题。

1 6.完善基本养老保险制度。全面实施省级城镇职工基本养老保险总体规划,在“十二五”末期实现全国基本养老保险总体规划。推进分类事业单位养老保险制度改革,研究和促进公务员养老保险制度改革。提高农民工养老保险参保率。完善城镇居民养老保险制度和新型农村社会养老保险制度。建立考虑所有类型人员的养老保障金确定机制和正常调整机制。制定企业年金和职业年金,发挥商业保险的补充作用。拓宽社会保障基金筹资渠道,建立社会保险基金投资运行体系。

1 7.加快完善全民医疗保险制度。 Raise the level of funding and benefits for urban residents’ basic medical insurance and new-type rural cooperative medical care, and integrate the basic medical insurance system for urban and rural residents. We will steadily promote the overall planning of medical insurance for employees, medical insurance for urban residents, and new rural cooperative medical care. At the end of the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan" period, the medical insurance fund payment level within the scope of the basic medical insurance policy reached more than 75%, which significantly narrowed the gap with the actual hospitalization expense reimbursement payment ratio. Establish a serious illness insurance system for urban and rural residents, and improve the urban and rural medical assistance system. Fully realize the real-time settlement of medical treatment in different places in the overall planning area and in the province. Gradually increase the per capita funding for basic public health services and improve the level of basic public health services.

18. Increase the supply of affordable housing. Establish a housing system that combines market allocation and government guarantees, strengthen the construction and management of affordable housing, and meet the basic needs of families in need. By the end of the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan" period, the coverage of affordable housing in cities and towns across the country will reach about 20%, and more than 10 million dilapidated houses in rural distressed families will be renovated in accordance with quality standards, and the goal of national nomad settlement will be achieved.

19. Strengthen assistance and assistance to the needy groups. Improve the linkage mechanism that links the basic living standards of urban and rural low-income groups with rising prices, and gradually raise the minimum living standards of urban and rural residents. Raise the pension and subsidy standards for special care recipients. Establish and complete a subsidy system for the elderly, living alone, and disabled who are in financial difficulties. Improve the basic living security system for orphans, promote centralized support for orphans, and establish a life assistance system for children in other difficulties. Establish a living allowance system for the disabled and the nursing allowance system for the severely disabled.

20.Vigorously develop social charities. Actively cultivate charitable organizations, simplify the approval procedures for charitable organizations, and encourage qualified enterprises, individuals and social organizations to organize hospitals, schools, and elderly care services. Implement and improve preferential taxation policies for charitable donations, and allow companies to carry over 12% of their total annual profits for deductions in the future. Strengthen the supervision and management of charitable organizations.

五、Establish and improve a long-term mechanism to promote faster growth of farmers’ income

Adhere to the policy of industry nurturing agriculture in return, cities supporting the countryside, giving more and less taking and letting go, speed up the improvement of the urban-rural development integration system and mechanism, intensify the policy of strengthening farmers and benefiting farmers, and promote industrialization, informatization, urbanization and agricultural modernization Simultaneous development, promote the balanced allocation of public resources between urban and rural areas, equal exchange and free flow of production factors between urban and rural areas, promote the integration of urban and rural planning, infrastructure, and public services, establish and improve the mechanism for the urbanization of agricultural migrants, and coordinate the promotion of the household registration system Reform and equalization of basic public services.

21. Increasing the operating income of farmers’ families. Improve the agricultural product price protection system, steadily increase the minimum purchase price of key grain varieties, and improve the temporary purchase and storage policy for bulk agricultural products. Focus on promoting agricultural industrialization, vigorously develop farmers' professional cooperation and share-holding cooperation, cultivate new business entities, support moderate-scale operations, increase investment in rural socialized service systems, promote production and marketing docking and agricultural super docking, so that farmers can reasonably share agricultural products processing , Circulation value-added income. Cultivate and develop characteristic and efficient agriculture and rural tourism according to local conditions, so that farmers can obtain more benefits in the expansion of agricultural functions.

22. Improve the agricultural subsidy system. Establish and improve the mechanism of stable growth of agricultural subsidies, improve the policies of fine seed subsidies, comprehensive subsidies for agricultural materials, and direct grain subsidies, increase the scale of agricultural machinery purchase subsidies, improve the dynamic adjustment mechanism for comprehensive agricultural subsidies, and increase agricultural subsidies to favor grain farmers and large grain farmers. Improve forestry, animal husbandry and fishery support policies. Gradually expand the scope of agricultural insurance premium subsidies, appropriately increase the proportion of premium subsidies, and further refine and steadily expand rural financial incentives and subsidies.

23. Reasonably share the land appreciation income. We will do a good job in confirming, registering, and issuing certificates for rural land, and protect farmers' land property rights in accordance with the law. In accordance with the principle of voluntary compensation in accordance with the law, farmers are allowed to transfer land contractual management rights in various forms to ensure that farmers share the transfer income. Improve the rural homestead system and protect the usufructuary rights of farmers' homesteads. Reform the land requisition system, protect the legitimate rights and interests of farmers in accordance with the law, and increase the distribution ratio of farmers in the land value-added income.

24. Increase investment in poverty alleviation and development. Significantly increase the financial special poverty alleviation funds, the new part is mainly used to support the poverty alleviation of concentrated contiguous areas with special difficulties, increase the work-for-relief efforts, and strive to achieve a higher increase in the per capita income of farmers in poor areas than the national average. During the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan" period, 2.4 million rural poor people in poor living conditions will be relocated. According to the per capita poverty reduction standard of 2,300 yuan (constant price in 2010), the number of poverty alleviation targets will be reduced by about 80 million by 2015.

25. Orderly promote the urbanization of the agricultural transfer population. Formulate open and transparent policies for the settlement of urban agricultural migrants, explore the establishment of a cost-sharing mechanism for urbanization with the participation of the government, enterprises, and individuals, and transfer agricultural migrants who have stable labor relations, live in cities and towns for a certain number of years and participate in social insurance as required Gradually transform into urban residents, focusing on solving the problems of family migration and the settlement of new generation migrant workers. Implement a unified national residence permit system, and strive to achieve full coverage of the permanent population of urban basic public services.

六、Promote the formation of an open, transparent, fair and reasonable income distribution order

Vigorously rectify and standardize the order of income distribution, strengthen system construction, improve laws and regulations, strengthen law enforcement and supervision, increase anti-corruption efforts, strengthen information disclosure, implement social supervision, strengthen basic work, improve technical support, protect legal income, and standardize privacy Sexual income and ban illegal income.

26. Accelerate legislation related to income distribution. Research and promulgate laws and regulations on social assistance, charity, poverty alleviation and development, corporate wage payment guarantee, collective negotiation, state-owned capital operating budget, fiscal transfer payment management, etc., and timely revise and improve land management, mineral resource management, tax collection and management, real estate tax, etc. Laws and regulations. Establish and improve the property registration system, improve the property legal protection system, and protect citizens' legal property rights.

27. Protect the legitimate rights and interests of workers. Improve the wage payment guarantee mechanism, include areas with prominent wage arrears and industries that are prone to arrears into the key monitoring scope, and improve differentiated wage deposit payment methods linked to corporate credit ratings. Implement the responsibility system of the project general contracting enterprise for repaying arrears of wages, the system of administrative and judicial linkage to combat malicious arrears of wages, and the system of ensuring the responsibility of the local government for wage payment. Improve the labor dispute handling mechanism and increase labor security supervision and law enforcement.

28. Clean up and regulate non-wage income. Strictly regulate the various subsidies and bonuses of the party and government agencies, and promptly introduce the implementation of standardized reform subsidies. Strengthen the management of income generation of public institutions, standardize the management and use of funds for scientific research projects and R&D projects, and strictly enforce regulations on the approval and accounting of official entertainment expenses. Strictly control the job consumption of senior executives in state-owned and state-owned holding enterprises, regulate job consumption items and standards such as vehicle equipment and use, business entertainment, inspection training, etc. Job consumption is subject to democratic supervision by employees, and relevant accounts must be open and transparent.

29. Strengthen the income management of leading cadres. Fully implement the "Regulations on Leading Cadres Reporting Personal Related Matters", strictly implement the requirements for leading cadres at all levels to truthfully report income, real estate, investment, spouses and children's employment, etc., and conduct random inspections and verifications for concealed reports and fraud , Correct in time and deal with it seriously. Continue to regulate the personal practices of leading cadres after resignation, resignation, or retirement (retirement), and handle part-time appointment approval matters in strict accordance with relevant procedures, conditions and requirements.

30.Strictly regulate non-tax income. In accordance with the principle of correct taxation and clearing of fees, continue to promote the reform of fees and taxes, further clean up and rectify various administrative fees and government funds, resolutely abolish illegal and unreasonable fees and fund items, and appropriately reduce the fee standards for fee items. Establish and improve government non-tax revenue collection and management systems.

31. Fight and ban illegal income. Focus on key areas such as state-owned enterprise restructuring, land transfer, mineral development, and engineering construction, strengthen supervision and management, and plug loopholes in obtaining illegal income. Severely crack down on economic crimes such as smuggling and trafficking, tax evasion, insider trading, stock market manipulation, counterfeiting and sale of fake products, fraudulent loans and foreign exchange. Strictly investigate and deal with power and money transactions, and bribery. In-depth control of commercial bribery. Strengthen anti-money laundering work and capital flight monitoring.

32. Improve the modern payment and income monitoring system. We will vigorously promote the wage, monetization, and electronicization of salary payments, accelerate the construction of a modern payment and settlement system, implement the real-name system for financial accounts, promote card consumption, and standardize cash management. Improve the invoice management and financial reimbursement systems for government agencies and state-owned enterprises and institutions, and fully implement the official card payment and settlement system. Integrate information resources of relevant departments such as public security, civil affairs, social security, housing, banking, taxation, industry and commerce, establish and improve the social credit system and income information monitoring system, and improve the personal income tax information management system. Establish an integrated system of household income and expenditure surveys in urban and rural areas.

七、Strengthen organizational leadership to deepen the reform of the income distribution system

33. Unify understanding and strengthen leadership. All regions and departments must thoroughly study and fully implement the spirit of the Eighteenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China, fully understand the significance of deepening the reform of the income distribution system, put it on the important agenda, establish an overall coordination mechanism, and implement income distribution policies and increase The income of urban and rural residents, narrowing the income distribution gap, and regulating the order of income distribution are important tasks and are included in the daily assessment. All relevant departments should conduct in-depth investigations and studies, strengthen work guidance, strengthen supervision and inspection, conscientiously sum up experience, and promptly resolve outstanding contradictions and problems that have emerged in the reform.

34. Highlight key points and strengthen implementation. The reform of the income distribution system should be organically integrated and coordinated with reforms in key areas such as state-owned enterprises, the administrative system, and the fiscal, taxation and financial system. All relevant departments should focus on key tasks, clarify work responsibilities, promptly study and issue supporting plans and implementation rules, and timely track and evaluate the effects of policy implementation. All regions must take into account local conditions and formulate specific measures to ensure that the various tasks of the reform are implemented. Encourage some regions and some fields to try first and actively explore.

35. In-depth publicity and focus on guidance. Adhere to the correct guidance of public opinion, guide the whole society to start from the basic national conditions and development stages, correctly understand the current income distribution problems, and in-depth publicize that scientific development is the fundamental way to solve income distribution problems, and we are unswerving to realize social fairness and justice.目标。 Effectively interpret the various reform policies, deepen the understanding of the arduousness and complexity of the income distribution system reform, guide social expectations, respond to the concerns of the masses, gather consensus from all parties, form a joint force for reform, and create a good for deepening the reform of the income distribution system Social environment.

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